Changer les règles de la conception

Le pôle Recherche d’etc-tec soutient et pilote tous les autres pôles d’activité de l’entreprise.
Dirigé par notre cofondateur Amilcar, notre recherche établit les bases de la méthodologie ETC.
Notre méthodologie associe la capacité intuitive des projecteurs et la capacité mnémonique de l’Intelligence Artificielle pour optimiser la phase initiale de conception.
L’automatisation, la création assistée et l’efficacité sont autant de sujets au cœur des recherches de l’équipe, qui s’attache à décortiquer les phases initiales de la conception architecturale pour hiérarchiser et organiser les process de la manière la plus logique et pratique qui soit.
Notre objectif ? Optimiser le process créatif en architecture à l’aide des outils numériques, libérer le planning des dessinateurs, et permettre aux architectes, ingénieurs, économistes, promoteurs ou maitrises d’ouvrage de se consacrer aux tâches créatives nécessitant des compétences humaines et artistiques.


Lisez nos articles


LES ETUDES PRELIMINAIRES EN BIM

Amilcar Ferreira
Publié le 13 mai 2020

En France (et dans plusieurs pays européens), un système de concours de projet architectural pour la phase d’études préliminaires est mis en place. Cette phase inclut l’étude de faisabilité (FAISA), le relevé (REL), le diagnostic (DIAG) et l’esquisse (ESQ). L’objectif est d’augmenter le nombre de solutions et d’assurer le succès des phases d’études préliminaires d’un projet architectural.

Selon le guide pour les missions interministérielles pour la qualité des constructions publiques (MIQCP) élaboré en avril 2010, les problèmes majeurs sont identifiés à l’issue des études préliminaires.
*"...à l’issue des études, lorsqu’environ 10 % de l’enveloppe d’opération est seulement engagée, 90 % de la qualité à venir est déjà jouée. D’où l’intérêt de les mener avec soin, de les confier à des professionnels compétents et talentueux justement rémunérés. "

Continuer à lire


THE ETC PROCESS

Amilcar Ferreira
Publié le 30 mars 2020

The creative process in an area like architecture is often personal, instinctive and variable.

We established a creative process that meets the needs of architectural problems, which will lead to the development of digital tools.

According to McKim all creative drawing processes follow the ETC[1] method. The creative process comes down to the expression of a concept, the test, and a cycle of repetitions until finding the final idea. C.f. (MCKIM, 1980)

Expression

Since Vitruvius' theory of Venustas architecture, expression results from the research of a questionable perfection according to the geometric rules of symmetry, asymmetry and proportion. C.f. (LYNN, 1998, p. 109) The Architect must translate architectural concepts into geometric rules of proportion, with variables, constraints and goals.

Test

The test phase consists in the validation and evaluation of the architectural concept. The geometric result is analysed under defined rules such as urban constraints or any other quantifiable pre-established restraint. Quantifiable data such as areas, costs, energy efficiency… of each valid solution, is evaluated under the pre-established goals.

Cycle

The cycle consists in a loop between the previous actions until it finds a variation of the architect concept that is compliant with the constraints and that reaches the pre-established goals.

Keep reading


GENERATIVE BIM

Amilcar Ferreira
Publié le 11 mai 2018

Despite the growth of digital practices in the field of architecture, the creative possibilities offered by digital tools are not fully exploited: computers could be used as a key player in the creative thinking process, not just for representation and documentation.

In this article we will present a set of tools that combines the BIM method and Generative design. These tools combine the mnemonic capacity of computers to calculate complex patterns, and the architect's ability to interpret and translate architectural issues into geometric axioms.

"For the first time perhaps, architectural design might be aligned with neither formal nor rationalism but with intelligent form and traceable creativity." (KOSTAS, 2006)

In approaching the systematization of the creative process stages, we established an algorithm where the architect’s role and the computer’s role are precisely identified. Our methodology aims at a symbiosis between the mnemonic ability of digital tools and the intuitive ability of the architect to optimize the results and the design process.

To test our algorithm, we are developing a digital application (G.Algo) which combines BIM and Generative Design. It combines the computer’s capacity to calculate complex patterns, and the architect's ability to interpret and translate architectural issues into geometric axioms.


CONCEPTUAL DESIGN WITH BIM

Amilcar Ferreira
Publié le 18 mars 2018

METHODOLOGY

  1. This study is being applied in the architecture practices since 2016. Its development continues be progressively tested and re-evaluated among architectural projects in preliminary studies phases.
  2. We have selected relevant test subjects based on their diversity of professionals in their teams and diversity of architectural programs in their portfolios.
  3. The users were able to use all the features in multiple projects, the learning time was reduced, and the manipulation was considered, flexible and intuitive.
  4. To develop the tools, we will present, we chose Revit as a support, a BIM software developed by Autodesk, ranked the BIM software world leader by G2 Crowd.
  5. The tools presented were developed with API.NET and the samples found in the Software Development Toolkit (SDK).

STATE OF ART

BIM has become the leading method for representation, interdisciplinary collaboration, and management through all construction trades.

During the 2000s, BIM tools earned its way in all construction trades. Today BIM has become a mandatory practice in public sectors in some countries, such as Great Britain, since 2011, and France, since 2017. BIM tools are gradually replacing traditional CAD tools almost entirely, becoming fundamental for the design and construction phases of a building, due to the functions of interdisciplinary collaboration and project management.

Keep reading